Electronic components are ubiquitous in our day today life. Typical electronic systems that we use include mobile phone, laptop, washing machine, refrigerator, microwave oven, tablet, CD/DVD player, camera and many others. Other commercial, strategic and social applications include medical, surveillance system, control of avionics, traffic management, supply chain management, smart building, e-governance, smart grid, industrial control, and automation.

To ensure that we continue with growth trajectory, we need to develop indigenous technologies such that the common people are benefitted by products at affordable prices. Development of an electronic system broadly undergoes four phases, namely: design, analysis, validation, and manufacturing. While each of these have several sub-phases many of which are at times overlapping in nature, the manufacturing stage which in general is very demanding in terms of cost and the facilities required is critical. Accordingly, the general practice in the industry is to design, analyze and validate the concept before actual fabrication. The problem is more complicated in the area of medical electronics where a single bug/failure may be life threatening. For example, the design of a pacemaker requires that all parameters such as size, power consumption, accuracy of pacing, etc. be considered and allowed to undergo a thorough testing to ensure that there is no deviation from its desired behavior.

India presently has a very poor doctor-to-patient ratio and lags far behind in medical facilities. The key issues relate to the affordability, accessibility, and awareness for preventive measures. Indian healthcare expenditure constitutes only 1% of global healthcare spending, while it is home to 17% of world’s population. As a result, the advanced medical equipment remain confined to hospitals in large cities bringing the ever-felt need to outreach the latest medical facilities to every nook and corner of the country at the forefront. However, the cost of equipment and lack of connectivity is a major roadblock in providing affordable medical facilities (electronics/diagnostic systems). In this regard, the concept of telemedicine to serve the poor people in the remote rural areas of the country is increasingly being realized as a viable alternative. The knowhow in the area of communication technologies that is required for developing effective telemedicine technologies will also serve to increase awareness, the lack of which as discussed previously contributes significantly to the current status.

In this effort, we aim to utilize the expertise at IIT Patna to incubate technologies in the general area of electronic systems with a focus on medical electronics. Medical Electronics segment requires significant enhancement of availability of skilled manpower in the ESDM sector with a special focus for augmenting post graduate education in the country.